The death penalty was abolished in Serbia in 2002, and last carried out in 1992. The re-introduction of the death penalty is occasionally raised again in the public, and this attitude of citizens is correlated with cases of monstrous violence against children, domestic violence and similar crimes that justifiably provoke great public condemnation and require the most severe punishment, Deputy Protector of Citizens Ms. Natasa Tanjević, PhD. accentuates on marking the World Day against the Death Penalty.

However, the reintroduction of the death penalty would be impermissible, in any case and under any circumstances. Although punishment as a repressive measure is necessary given that it performs an important function in society by protecting the most important human goods and deterring crime as a generally dangerous social phenomenon, this does not mean that it should be reduced to mere repression and its goal must not be revenge to the perpetrator of the crime. We should strive for a fair and proportionate punishment that will best meet the requirements of general and special prevention.

In two-thirds of the world's countries, the death penalty has been abolished in law or not carried out, and in countries that have not yet done so, there is no evidence that the crime rate is lower or that the number of the most serious crimes is decreasing. In addition, the death penalty opposes the current state of culture and civilization and the wide possibilities available to the modern state in the fight against crime, the Deputy Protector of Citizens, Ms. Natasa Tanjević, PhD emphasizes. The attitude against the death penalty at all times and in all circumstances derives from both the universal and fundamental right to life.

On the World Day against the Death Penalty, the Protector of Citizens reminds that since 2007, when the Republic of Serbia chaired the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, 10 October has been marked as the European Day against the Death Penalty. This day is very important from the point of view of human rights protection, because it reminds of the importance of protecting the inviolability of human life and human dignity.